Liability for Damages Caused by Autonomous Vehicles

Depending on the situation, the liability can be assigned to the driver of the car, the owner, the operator, the producer, but also the public authorities that approve the requirements for the car’s software. The actual legal situation permits the liability assignment. Due to the traditional point of view, in case of owning a car, it is possible to apply the article 436 of the Polish Civil Code. When we assume that the autonomous vehicle is dangerous, the liability based on the article 4491 should be applied. It is also possible to adopt the public authority’s liability, especially when the legal requirements for the exploitation research is concerned. Irregardless the existing solution in the Polish law, it is to be expected that the issues related to responsibility for the autonomous vehicles will constitute to a wider extent the object of the European Union’s law regulations

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