The Constitutional Principle of Truth

The preamble to the 1997 Constitution of the Republic of Poland defines truth as the first of the fundamental constitutional values, indicating the universal foundations for this Constitution. Truth, good, justice and beauty define the absolutely protected normative concept of man and his dignity. The principle of truth is an independent norm of the constitutional law. The principle of truth should determine the interpretation and application of the constitutional provisions defining the right to a fair trial, so that a fair hearing of the case is possible in every situation. The principle of truth may be regarded as a principle of a civil trial, but its significance goes far beyond the issue of determining the actual basis for a decision in civil proceedings. The principle of truth contributes to the criteria of knowing good. They are also shaped by constitutional principles, rights and freedoms such as freedom of speech and freedom of research.

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