Partial Rescission of a Contract in Case of Unfair Exploitation in Swiss Private Law
The project of a new Civil Code in Poland often refers to a foreign law in particular in respect of the partial rescission of a contract. In that case Swiss legal experiences may be helpful, because as well as in Poland there is no regulation of the above legal concept in Switzerland, whereas the issue has been developed in the Swiss jurisprudential pratice concept is based on a leading case of 1997 in which partial rescission of a contract due to unfair exploitation has been pronounced.
The Federal Court shared prevailing opinion of Swiss doctrine which noticed the analogy between partial rescission and partial nullity. Such a reference raises
questions about the factors that determine the extent of rescission. Swiss legal literature contains numerous considerations about the divisibility of a contract
and the role of the parties’ hypothetical will. These questions are to be posed at least when the project of a new Civil Code will be introduced into the Polish legal system. Therefore Swiss legal experiences in the field of defects in declaration of intent may be of certain practical value for the Polish legal system.

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