Public Criticism of Homosexuality as a Realization of the Constitutional Freedom of Speech in the U.S. Case Law

The article deals with anti-homosexual speech as constitutionally protected political expression in the United States. Study of the U.S. case law shows that the title freedom has not only a theoretical or normative dimension but also a practical one belonging to the so called “law in action”. Criticizing same-sex practices as immoral and sinful falls within the protection of the First Amendment. A necessary incident to freedom of speech is also the right of expressive association, that is the right to get together with other people with a view of promoting particular viewpoints or ideas, including beliefs that engaging in homosexual conduct is contrary to being “morally straight”. Public debate demands that even hurtful speech on public issues be shielded from prosecution and liability. Disapproval of anti-homosexual rhetoric does not allow the State to interfere with this speech for no better reason than discouraging a disfavored message. The author urges to make responsible use of freedom of speech. Condemnation of homosexual behavior should always respect the dignity of homosexual men and women.

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