An Approving Commentary to the Sentence of the Constitutional Tribunal of 7.03.2018, ref. K 2/17

The subject of this gloss is a landmark ruling of the Constitutional Tribunal (CK) regarding one of the institutions of antiquity – preclusion. These issues in Polish administrative law are still controversial, and the views often differ significantly. The voted judgment deserves attention because it has not been explicitly stated in Polish jurisprudence for a long time that the rules in force in civil (general) law cannot be directly applied in public (special) law. CK argues that the justification of the institution of antiquity cannot be identical in public law as in private law, because the legal relations are vertical in the first and horizontal in the second. The indicated inequality of participants in the legal relationship and the possession of a professional clerical apparatus caring for the interests of the State, including property, means that the classic justification of the institution of antiquity, in particular the stabilizing and evidentiary function, are not a sufficient justification for using the preclusion. This is all the more justified when public law interference in property rights occurs without due warranty rights.

https://doi.org/10.32082/fp.v2i52.214

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