Polish administrative courts were in 2018 requested to register in Polish birth records the child’s origin from “same-sex parents” (de facto – homosexual couples). The author discusses the national legal provisions. In the matters of civil status in question there is no harmonization of law at the international level, and the European Union has no competence in the field of substantive personal and family law. Such issues and – being their reflexes – the registration of civil status (filiation or marriage) are subject to the internal legislation of each state. Legal systems differ manifestly in the world. The author emphasizes that there is no possibility of transferring to the domestic register of civil status (birth records) a foreign document incompatible with the fundamental principles of forum’s law, which is justified in particular by the need to protect the effectiveness of the principles of the Polish ordre public, which are declared in the Constitution (Art. 18). They include i.a. the understanding of the principle of filiation or marital status, and the registration system should be compatible with the legal fundaments of the state. The proposed solution does not mean, however, that it is not possible to settle a detailed administrative case residing abroad, e.g. to obtain an identity card by the child living abroad. For the purpose of such separate administrative proceedings, a foreign document or a part of it may be treated as confirmation of the status of parents (i.e. a man and a woman who gave birth to a child) being Polish citizens.


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